They are afraid of the positive

Political scientist Oleg Nemensky on why the West is Russophobic hysteria

Photo from personal archive

Russophobia — old tradition of the West. However, it seems that never before has it been so fierce and so totally dominant in all major media. In recent years, we can already safely say about Russophobic hysteria in the West. At the time, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, it seemed to us that all this negativity will go along with the cold war, not because we did not like, and our mode. But he not only left, but on the contrary, has increased and continues to grow both qualitatively and quantitatively.

Now all worried about Russia, but on the pages of major Western Newspapers almost never find even just removed the descriptions of things in our country. Angrily, accusatory tone and the absence of any positive evaluations are indispensable, this is the only valid markup.

Zero positive about Russia — law of the Western media.

I remember a conversation with a French documentary filmmaker in 1993 — at a time when we were with America and Europe “best friends”. He made a film about the Moscow station prostitutes, and it was really a very sad sight. Naturally, the question arises, is he in Moscow nothing else but this, in General very few people familiar side of life and have not seen. To which he eagerly began to tell how he liked Moscow and other cities and that he even made two very beautiful film about Russia. But they refused to buy him sent to the channel, not buy and others. As a result, he was forced to put the magazine on the shelf, and all the costs of the film and the organization of the shooting to cover at their own expense. This was for him a large sum of money and a good lesson — the positive information about Russia is necessary to nobody. This school, probably, are many of the Western journalists who come to our country or just write about it there. School of education of journalists, followed by the school of education their audience. And it’s not to have big consequences.

We are watching this from Russia as a theater of the absurd. Us more terrified, more afraid, and our assault, expected almost any day, and what is most interesting — really prepare for it. Russophobia has become the most important political ideology of the West is that it unites the country in numerous projects of cooperation, it also sets the mood of life of ordinary people, and the subjects of their conversations and even very personal experiences. When it seemed to us ridiculous and absurd famous case with the U.S. Secretary of defense, in 1949 from the window shouting “Russian go!”. He was suspected of paranoia. But now this mental illness became commonplace and no longer seems so funny. As one of my friends Lithuanian Professor: “every day I Wake up and look out the window — if there are Russian tanks!” However, he was sure that the Russian should be very ashamed of what he (the Professor) lives in such fear.

When Russia returned to the Crimea, I was listening to Polish experts, with serious faces, to explain that this Peninsula needs Russia as a springboard for attacks on Warsaw, and were surprised that this statement has caused laughter in the Studio. The poles — not the Americans, they generally imagine where is the Crimea and where is Poland itself. But willing to accept any absurd information about Russia. So they want to hear and want to believe in it. And this inner need for us is still poorly understood.

Irish journalist Brian MacDonald in the last year, perfectly described this psychological complex, called “resortia”. Western man is constantly being fed the opposite information follows: on the one hand, claim that Russia is going to subdue the whole world and is about to attack his country, and with another — constantly explain that Russia is weak, barely alive and on the verge of collapse.

In the soul of Western man against his will is a constant war with the Russians and he’s scared already just from the fact of psychological discomfort that the Russian he always delivers. The fear of her childhood becomes a part of the personality, it is no longer separated from the usual picture of the world.

Horror story Russia especially needed when we are talking about the unity of the West. So it was after the collapse of the Soviet Union, and now, only now is due to other causes. And the stronger the crisis in the Western community, the more it becomes Russophobic propaganda.

Strict discipline, typical of the Western information space in Russia, is a must: any contact with the real Russia and Russian undermines diligently entered into the consciousness of the Russophobic image.

Media start to divide into those that “provide unbiased information”, and the enemy, leading a “criminal propaganda.” And this is not so far from the same division of ideas. If the system will continue to evolve in the same spirit, any person, who has some thoughts, presented in a respectable alternative media will be the victim of Russian propaganda and sent to involuntary psychiatric treatment. Senior politicians in America and some European countries have already officially offered to ban the Russian media.

However, this is a good moment for us: until relatively recently in our country, drowned the enemy’s voice, and it was clearly not a manifestation of the power of our system.

But now the West is in defense in front of inconvenient information from Russia. And we must understand that the most dangerous message that can convey to a Western audience, our media are not alternative information about the world politics but simply an objective picture of life in modern Russia is not without its positive sides. These stories undermine the most important ideology that unites the West and determines a positive self-image, the ideology of the universal fright in front of the supposedly immoral and aggressive by the people that attack.

However, the very fact that the West now needed for this Russophobic hysteria, shows that the unity has never been so weakened. And I think again Russia is not to blame.

The author is a leading researcher RISI

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The opinion of the author may not coincide with the position of the editorial Board

Samsung asks owners Note 7 to stop using them

Samsung acknowledged that any smartphone Galaxy Note 7 could be dangerous: the company has asked the owners of vehicles to stop to use them until the end of the investigation of new cases of ignition. Also suspended sales of the device worldwide.

Global official website Samsung the night of October 11 was published the following statement:

“We are working with the relevant regulatory bodies in order to investigate recent reports concerning the Galaxy Note 7. Because user safety is a top priority for us, Samsung has asked all mobile operators and retail partners around the world to stop the sale and exchange Galaxy Note 7 during the investigation.

We remain committed to good cooperation with the relevant authorities to undertake all necessary steps to resolve the situation steps. Consumers owning a Galaxy Note 7 of the original party, or Galaxy Note 7 issued instead of it, you should turn off the machine, stop its use and take advantage of the proposed alternatives.”

Samsung started selling the Galaxy Note 7 in August and in early September announced a recall of 2.5 million of these devices worldwide is due to a manufacturing defect in some vehicles they could catch fire during battery charging.

Smartphones of the new, “safe” parties began to give buyers in return withdrawn at the end of September. Last week in the USA there have been several incidents, which are not connected to a charger Galaxy Note 7 suddenly started to dramatically heat up and burn with the release of acrid smoke. Another incident of this kind was reported by the press in Taiwan.

After that, the leading cellular operators in the United States announced the suspension of exchange programs “old” Note 7 to “new” and their sales. Any smartphone owner from new parties can come into a salon, where I got it and exchanged for other equivalent mobile – for example, iPhone 7 Plus, another Samsung (the Korean company will encourage such consumers a voucher for $ 25), or simply to get back the money paid.

On the eve of the South Korean media reportedthat Samsung has halted production of the Galaxy Note 7 is intended for the global market at its plant in Vietnam.

Only the original recall program Note 7 could do Samsung, according to experts, 2 billion. However, the company last week announced that it expects third-quarter operating profit of 7.8 trillion won (about $ 7 billion), which was 0.4 trillion won more than in the same period a year earlier.

A new scandal has affected the stock price of the Korean giant: paper Samsung Electronics on Tuesday, after the publication of the above statement, fell 6%. However, the company’s value continues to be higher than the previous peak reached in 2013.

Source: Samsung

The Russian team reached the final of the international competition of assistive technologies

The Russian team put on “Kubatana” (Cybathlon) — first international competition for people with disabilities using high-tech assistive devices. Despite the short time for preparation and limited compared to competitors resources, four of the five submitted for the prestigious competition teams were able to reach the final, reported CNews in RVC.

The competition was held on 8 October 2016 in Zurich (Switzerland) and gathered more than 5 thousand spectators. Of the 25 teams who took part in the championship, the Russian was second in the number of teams from our country have participated five teams that challenged for the championship in five disciplines. Part of the Russian team in the competition has initiated a working group “Neuronet” National technology initiative (NTI).

Samsung called on the owners to shut down and hand over all the Galaxy Note 7

asked to disable

Samsung representatives in the official
the statement asked the owners of Galaxy Note7 disable gadgets. “Consumers who have the original Galaxy Note7, or had fallen under the replacement should be
shut down your device, stop using the device and seek help to available remedies, ” reads the release published on the official website of the South Korean company.

To Samsung
also asked retailers worldwide to stop sales of the Galaxy
Note7 for the period of the investigation. In addition, on Tuesday, 11
October 2016, the company Samsung
she is completely suspended global sales of Galaxy Note 7. “We
work with the relevant regulators and are taking all measures to settle
situation, ” — said in Samsung.

Device owners can exchange them for Galaxy S7 Galaxy S7 Edge or reimbursement of the price difference.

Palo on the battery

Recall, the reason for the suspension of production and sales of these smartphone were reported on the spontaneous combustion of gadgets. After the first signals started
the unprecedented scale of the campaign to replace devices. It is, in the first
turn on Galaxy Note7 produced in the period from 30
July to 2 September 2016, According to the Korea Agency
for technology and standards (Korean Agency for Technology and
Standards — KATS), of 456 thousand thousand smartphones 352 has been replaced
on new devices.

Samsung asked to turn off all Galaxy Note7

Udmurt Deputy refused won “Rosneft” fields

The Deputy Of The State Council Of Udmurtia, The Aleksey Chulkin


The company Udmurt Deputy “UDS-energy” refused to pay 2.8 billion rubles for the license to the station in Yakutia, in the struggle for which she went to “Rosneft”. Now the site will be put up for auction again

The company “UDS-energy” controlled by the Deputy of the state Council of Udmurtia Alexei Culkin, refused to pay for a license to Borovichskiy oil and gas area in Yakutia, which she won in late August, ahead of the auction giants, as “Rosneft” and NOVATEK. “I bring to your attention that the company “UDS-energy” refuses to pay the balance of a single payment at Broadscope site of subsurface resources”, — stated in the letter Culkin of October 7, addressed to the head of Department for subsoil use in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), Igor Glazunovskogo (RBC has a copy).

At the auction company Chulkina increased payment of 162 times, from 17 million to 2.8 billion rubles ($42.4 million). To pay for the license she had within one month from the date of formal execution of a document for the right to develop the plot — not later than 18 October.

The Minister of natural resources Sergey Donskoy confirmed RBC through a representative that “UDS-energy” refused to pay a one-time payment at the auction. Don pointed out that the state will remain a Deposit in the amount of 17 million rubles, paid by the company, since under the terms of the auction it is not returned. According to him, the auction will be held again in 2017.

Who is the Deputy Chulkin

Aleksey Chulkin was born in 1980. His career started as a Manager of Izhevskiy mechanical repair company. From September 2015 it is included in the state Council of the Udmurt Republic, to information on the legislature’s website. In 2006 he became the founder of several companies, including construction materials manufacturer “Uralbeton”, earner of non-metallic materials “Traderelated” and oil company “UDS-Oil”. From March 2016 Chulkin — Chairman of the Udmurt branch of Party growth. He was elected to the state Duma of new convocation, but lost the election.

By the end of 2015, Chulkin earned 61.8 million rubles., the disclosure of incomes of deputies of the state Council of the Udmurt Republic. Chulkin owns four land plots with a total area of 1.5 hectares, five residential buildings from 20 to 101 square meters each and 13 residential spaces ranging from 30 to 740 sq. m each. In addition, an MP has two private railway siding area of 846 sq m. Despite the status of the Deputy, Chulkin is not in the persons holding gosdolzhnosti, so he continues to own and manage a number of assets, RBC said in August his representative.

Email “UDS-energy” as a performer, employee of the company Mykola Frolov declined to comment. Secretary of the “TAC energy” are unable to comment on the situation. He Chulkin at the time of publication of the material on the request of the RBK not answered. Victory “UDS-energy” in the auction is a “great event” not only for the company but for the whole of Udmurtia, told RBC Chulkin after winning the auction. “Victory was not easy. Now a lot of work on the exploration and development of the land,” he said in August. Then Chulkin were planning to hold talks with “several potential partners” about their participation in the project.

According to Rosnedra, Borovichskiy in the auction for the subsoil area in Yakutia with resources of 10 million tons of oil and 165 billion cubic meters of natural gas (reserves have not yet been confirmed) was attended by eight companies: “Rosneft”, “Surgutneftegas”, “daughter” NOVATEK “NOVATEK-Arlanneft”, the “Energy” of former energy Minister Igor Yusufov, “sahatransneftegaz”, owned by the government of Yakutia and others.

Borovichskiy plot is attractive because it passes by the oil pipeline “Eastern Siberia — Pacific ocean”, in which the oil bound for China and other Asian countries. Next must also pass the gas pipeline “Power of Siberia”. The main value Berolahraga phase — in of its proximity to two pipelines, confirms the Dean of geological faculty of the University. Gubkin Sergey Lobusev.

Donskoi said that the Ministry plans to amend legislation allowing for obtaining of subsoil use rights following the winner bidders in such cases. The longest for this plot struggled “Rosneft”, which was ready to pay for the license of 2.73 billion rubles, but stayed in one step away from victory. The representative of “Rosneft” at the time of publication had not responded to a request to RBC.

The representative of “Surgutneftegaz” have refused comments, the representative of the Fund “Energy” has not responded to the request, the representative of NOVATEK until contact has failed.

LUKOIL called the reason of refusal from participation in the privatization of “Bashneft”

Photo: Martin Divisek/Bloomberg

According to the Vice-President of LUKOIL Leonid Fedun, the amount, which was valued the government’s stake in Bashneft was too high for the company. “Rosneft”, according to the government, buy assets for $5.3 billion

LUKOIL refused to participate in the privatization of the controlling stake of “Bashneft” (50,0755%) because of too high prices, said Vice-President of LUKOIL Leonid Fedun.

“The price of $5 billion high for LUKOIL,” said Fedun, noting that this amount does not fit into the economy of the company (quoted by “Interfax”).

“We have an understanding of a fair price. For our company it is expensive. For “Rosneft”, which the entire profit will be taken by the state, no matter what price to pay,” added Fedun.

Fedun also said that LUKOIL does not intend to leave number of shareholders of the company “Bashneft-Polyus” (LUKOIL belongs 25,1%), leading the development of the fields name Trebs and Titov in the Nenets Autonomous district. “There is a shareholders’ agreement legislatively. I hope that “Rosneft” will carry it out,” said Fedun.

In the spring of 2016 Fedun saidthat LUKOIL does not intend “to be killed” for “Bashneft”, the cost of which, according to him, given the multipliers exceeded the cost of the LUKOIL. Co-owner and President of LUKOIL Vagit Alekperov in an interview to RBC in June said his company is ready to participate in privatization of “Bashneft” only subject to the availability of “reasonable rates”.

Alekperov noted that the price of shares of “Bashneft” under the influence of the speculative factor increases with “astonishing” speed. “At the start of privatization in January, “Bashneft” (100% of the shares. — RBC) was worth $4 billion today already more than $7 billion a growth of capitalization showed no company in the energy sector, i.e. the market has a speculation,” — said Alekperov.

The head of LUKOIL has explained the attractiveness of the purchase of “Bashneft” the presence of two companies of joint programs, “integration issues” and cooperation experience. However, later experts “Atona” has statedthat the synergies in case of acquisition of “Bashneft” LUKOIL amounted to $1.9 billion (118.4 billion USD), whereas in the case of “Rosneft” synergies will be $2.6 billion (about 160 billion rubles). Bank Intesa, consultant on privatization of Rosneft had evaluated the synergistic effect in case of purchase of a state-owned company Bashneft in 150-180 billion rubles.

Rosneft has historically consolidated the Russian refineries with a low depth of processing than LUKOIL, so the benefits of getting access to the best in the sector of processing cluster of “Bashneft” are more important to this company, which will significantly improve the profitability of processing, the report says “Aten”. The total synergy effect, connected with the processing, according to estimates, this investment will amount to $1.8 billion in “Rosneft” compared to $1.1 billion from LUKOIL.

Larger synergy Rosneft has more reserves for potential award, which it could offer for “Bashneft”, pointed the experts of “Aton”: deal with “Bashneft” will contribute to the growth of shareholder value Rosneft at a price of up to 4.8 thousand rubles. per ordinary share in Bashneft, and LUKOIL, the purchase would be “devastating” for shareholder value once the price would have exceeded 4.3 thousand RUB per share.

Based on the orders of Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, Rosneft buys of 50.08% Bashneft for 329,69 billion rubles ($5.3 billion) based 3706,4 RUB per common share. Tuesday ordinary shares of “Bashneft” on the Moscow stock exchange was trading at 3080,5 RUB apiece (13:13 MSK).

Sechin has questioned the reduction of oil production by OPEC countries

Western Siberia, the technological complex of Rosneft in Nefteyugansk

Photo: Reuters/Pixstream

The head of “Rosneft” doubts that all OPEC countries will reduce oil production. He has previously stated that “Rosneft” intends to significantly increase production compared to last year

The head of “Rosneft” Igor Sechin said that all OPEC countries agree to cut oil production under the agreement, the agreement on which was reached at the forum in Algiers at the end of September, writes the Agency Reuterscorrespondent who spoke with a top Manager in Istanbul on Monday evening.

In response to the question whether “Rosneft” to reduce or freeze the oil production in the framework of a possible agreement of Russia with OPEC, Sechin said, “Why should we do that?”

Earlier, Sechin saidthat “Rosneft” in 2016, plans to increase oil production compared to last year. “A little bit more. Not even a little bit, but significantly,” he said.

Member of the Board of Directors of “Rosneft”, the head of BP Robert Dudley on Tuesday said that the company’s Board of Directors did not discuss the issue of production cuts. “I think anything is possible. Production can go up or not. Right now there is no plans to do so,” said Dudley (quoted by TASS).

OPEC members at a summit in Algeria on 28 September agreed for the first time since 2008 to reduce the amount of oil production. According to preliminary estimations, the volume of production will be reduced from the current 33.2 million barrels to 32.5-33 million barrels per day. Final terms of the agreement, the OPEC countries will discuss at the summit in November.

President Vladimir Putin at the world energy Congress in Istanbul on 10 October saidthat Russia is not a member of OPEC, is ready to join the freezing or reduction of oil extraction to preserve the stability of the oil market. “In this situation, we believe that the freezing or even reduction of oil production is perhaps the only correct decision to preserve the stability of the entire global energy,” he said.

On the background of statements by Putin in the price of oil reached a high for this year. On Monday, the price of futures for Brent crude on the ICE exchange touched $53.47 USD per barrel. The last time above $53, the price of a barrel of Brent rose 12 Oct 2015.

Skype has launched a simultaneous translation into Russian language

Photo: Reuters/Pixstream

Skype added Russian language in service of simultaneous translation during a video call. To this service Skype Translator could only support eight languages

As reported by the press service of Microsoft (owns Skype) are now a function of simultaneous translation of calls and instant messages in real-time Skype Translator will support the Russian language. This will be the ninth language that is available for simultaneous translation, after English, Spanish, Chinese (Mandarin), Italian, French, Portuguese (Brazilian), German, and Arabic (when messages are translations available in over 50 languages).

Skype Translator is available to owners of personal computers on Windows 7 and above. To get a new function, the user must find and choose Russian language from the menu Skype Translator in the dialog of the conversation. For owners of devices based on Windows 10 Anniversary Update, the new product will be available automatically. Transfer to be announced device — the user can choose in the settings male or female voice, and is also shown in the form of credits in the transcript of the conversation. The result will be better if they both activate Skype Translator. To install the service and to the simultaneous translation you can also on smartphones and tablets on Android or iOS.

The basis of Skype Translator is the technology of machine learning. This means that a service is being improved as you use, the more people will use it for communication, the higher will be the quality of the translation, explained the press service of Microsoft.

The company did not disclose the number of users of Skype in Russia, as the number of those who uses Windows 7 and later operating systems. Assessment research centre recommendation service “Imhonet”, made on the basis of a survey of 20 thousand Russian citizens aged from 12 to 64 years, Skype accounted for 21% of the market of instant messengers, wrote “Vedomosti” in mid-September. The largest such service was “Vkontakte” with a share of 26%.

Director innovation developer of linguistic technology, ABBYY Language Solutions Anton Voronov called automatic simultaneous translation during a video call “an old dream of mankind”. “From a technological point of view, it is quite challenging and interesting task. You need to recognize it. Then use a machine translation engine to translate the recognized text. Finally, voice is the easiest step”, — said Anton Voronov. The most difficult, according to him, the conjunction of speech recognition and machine translation, which is very sensitive to the quality of the source material. For example, the speech translation spoken format and slang are unlikely to be of high quality, he said. “An additional complication is that the translation is simultaneous, not sequential. The car should start to produce a result without waiting for the end of the phrase,” — said the representative of ABBYY LS. At the same time, he recalled that for many tasks it is more important the top quality translations and quick to understand the essence and meaning of the text. “If the quality is sufficient for understanding, the technology will be extended, and users will even adapt will be able to speak more clearly, slower, build simple phrases to facilitate the work of a machine translator. Although in the next few years, of course, so you can only communicate in simple and common topics,” — says Anton Voronov.

VTB will move European headquarters from London because of Brexit

The logo of VTB

Photo: Ekaterina Kuzmina/RBC

VTB will transfer the European head office from London of UK exit from the EU. This is the first major Bank publicly announced its intention to change the headquarters for Brexit, says FT

VTB intends to move the headquarters from London because of the decision of the UK leaving the European Union. About this newspaper Financial Time said Deputy Chairman of the Bank Herbert Moos.

He explained that the Bank’s management is considering several alternative options to host the European headquarters is in Frankfurt, Paris or Vienna. The decision on this matter will be made before the end of the year, said a top Manager.

“We had big plans for the London office, but after a Brexit we are going to roll and build in another place,” — said the MEP.

In the London office of VTB employs several hundred people. Headquarters in London, in particular, performs functions such as the fight against money laundering and compliance.

MoE did not rule out that the British unit of the Bank may be under pressure from the European regulators. “I doubt that the European Central Bank will agree that we fulfill such important functions outside of the EU,” he said.

Moos added that VTB management takes into account several factors to select a new seat for the European headquarters. In particular, this regulation, the conduct of fiscal policy and the reserve. The Deputy Chairman of VTB said that London would remain an important place of presence for VTB, but not as a city for the European headquarters.

The FT writes that in addition to the office in the UK VTB has several representatives in Europe, including in Germany, France, Austria and Ireland. The MEP also said that sanctions the US and EU in 2014 prompted the state Bank to increase its presence in Asia, including India, China and Vietnam.

In June, the British voted in a referendum for withdrawal from the EU. The Prime Minister David Cameron has resigned. New British Prime Minister Theresa may to early October promised that the procedure of exit from the EU will run until March 2017. She stressed that London while keen to maintain good relations with the European countries.

After the referendum, many large companies decided to move their business out of the country, fearing the consequences of Brexit. Sources Bloomberg in mid-August said that major investment banks will start the withdrawal of the state from the UK in a few weeks after Theresa may will formally launch Brexit. In the number of banks with offices in London include Goldman Sachs, Bank of America Merrill Lynch, Deutsche Bank, Morgan Stanley, JP Morgan and others.

Vice-President at Sberbank CIB, head of global markets Andrey Shemetov said earlier RBC that the financial institution does not intend to leave London for Brexit. “Plans for changes in the operation of the office of Sberbank CIB in London no. The volume of operations in our London office has not decreased. On the contrary, we see positive dynamics in comparison with the previous year,” he said.

In the “VTB Capital” and Alfa-Bank said that Brexit does not affect the work of their offices in London, but did not comment on the future of units in the UK.

France called the conditions of the summit “channel four”

Russian President Vladimir Putin (left) and French President Francois Hollande (centre) at a meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko, October 2, 2015

Photo: Etienne Laurent/AP

Negotiations in the “Normandy format” on 19 October will be held in Berlin, if by this time the sides made “real progress” on contentious issues, told Reuters a French diplomatic source

A meeting of leaders of Russia, Germany, France and Ukraine, which is planned for October 19, will be held only if there is “real progress” on key moments that cause the issue between the parties. This was told Reuters , a French diplomatic source.

To a journalist’s question, will there be a meeting in the “Normandy format” next week in Berlin, the spokesman said, “Must be followed by real progress, and leaders must come to an agreement, so we can not confirm that this [meeting] will happen.”

Later, the press Secretary of the President Dmitry Peskov explained that the conditions for conducting the meeting in the format “Norman Quartet” is not yet ripe, reports “RIA Novosti”.

That Ukraine, Germany, France and Russia will hold a meeting in the “Normandy format” on 19 October, said on the eve of Russian presidential aide Yuri Ushakov. Press Secretary of Russian leader Dmitry Peskov, commenting on this, said that talking about October 19 as of the time of the meeting is premature.

11 Oct words Ushakov confirmed in an interview with radio station Europe1, the Ambassador of Russia in France Alexander Orlov. He noted that the meeting will be held in Berlin on the initiative of German Chancellor Angela Merkel. The talks will be attended by Merkel and Russian President Vladimir Putin and French counterpart Francois Hollande. The participation of the Kiev eagles did not.

Later, a source in diplomatic circles told the Agency “Interfax-Ukraine”, Kiev did not give consent to participate in the summit “channel four”. A spokesman explained that the meeting will not take place, “while there is no agreed road map that will involve the performance security conditions of Minsk Russia”.

Initially, Kiev was offered to hold a meeting in “Norman format” at the G20 summit in China. However, after the arrest in Crimea of Ukrainian saboteurs Putin said about the futility of negotiations in this format at the summit.

He later agreed to a trilateral meeting with Merkel and Hollande at the G20. The parties were to discuss the situation in Ukraine and further ways of cooperation in the framework of the “Norman format” and “Minsk process”.

However, this meeting did not take place. Instead, Putin on the G20 met separately with German Chancellor and the French President. Presidential aide Yuri Ushakov explained that the decision of the employment colleagues.

“Our colleagues have preferred referring to the graph, hold two bilateral meetings, that is, will meet with Hollande and a separate meeting with German Chancellor Merkel,” he said.